Kilim rugs are one of the best known and most popular traditional flatweaves. The fine craftsmanship of weaving that kind of textile has been handed down by nomadic tribes over centuries. Berber rugs are a further kind of traditional rugs, which also have been crafted by nomads. Originally, kilim rugs have been produced in the geographic regions of Iran and Afghanistan, where they have been made with the help of simple tools like looms. Just like sisal rugs, traditional kilim rugs are characterized by a firm, flat-woven surface, giving it a robust and easy-care texture. Thus, the hand woven rugs found a variety of uses – they served decorative purposes as wall hangings, and practical functions like floor coverings, bags or horse saddles.
The long tradition of weaving kilim rugs has been passed from generation to generation and most often produced kilims with traditional geometric designs. Animals and plants were also widely used motifs as these depicted the direct surrounding of many nomads. Most often, wool was the primary material for kelim rugs, as wool rugs have good heat insulating properties and take on dyes very well. While these were traditionally natural, obtained from plants and vegetables, synthetic dyes are used more often nowadays, as these do not fade as quickly and give runners and area rugs brilliant colours.
Modern kilim rugs
Modern kilim rugs are inspired by the traditional craft of weaving and bring a dash of classic elegance to every home. Although they are now often produced with modern techniques and designed with the latest colours, elements of their traditional motifs remain preserved. Thus kilim rugs form a significant facet of the ethnic style that is currently popular among lovers of interior design, as the patterns and colours of this look are just as popular as the ones of kilim rugs. Since many kilims display natural, earthy tones, they exude an aura of calm and relaxation and thereby create an atmosphere full of harmony, whether as kitchen rugs or bedroom rugs.