Synthetic fibres have become increasingly important in the textile industry in recent decades. Although natural fibres such as wool or cotton are currently experiencing a renaissance, modern technology has made it possible to produce high-quality rugs using synthetic fibres. Synthetic fibres have some advantages over natural fibres.
In general, they are more resistant and easier to care for than a wool rug or other rugs made of natural materials. Also, rugs made of synthetic fibres, such as outdoor rugs, are more likely to be used outdoors and in wet rooms than natural fibre rugs. In our shop, you will find a wide range of attractive, beautiful rugs made of high-quality synthetic fibres, many of which have been awarded the ÖkoTex seal for non-toxic textiles..
Polypropylene is synthesized from propene with the use of catalysts. The chemical components of propene, the methyl groups, have a decisive influence on its properties, depending on the arrangement in the long-chain propylene molecule. In textile processing, these methyl groups are in a so-called isotactic arrangement, which results in a semi-crystalline structure of the polypropylene. In the textile industry, the functional yarn polycon, which is produced as a mixed yarn of polypropylene and other fibres, or as pure polypropylene yarn, is primarily used.
Properties of polypropylene
Polycon fibres have a very low density and are therefore the lightest fibres commercially available. Furthermore, polycon fabrics have a very high surface tension. As a result, water and sweat are passed very quickly, which is an especially useful property for sportswear. In addition, polycon fibre fabrics are very hard-wearing, abrasion-resistant and long-lasting. This is why polycon fibre fabrics have a high level of sound and heat insulation.
This special fibre is therefore ideal for use in rugs. In addition, polypropylene is odourless, skin-friendly and resistant to most acids, alkalis and organic solvents. It is also the reason why polycon fibre is becoming increasingly popular and is used in all rugs, from short and high-pile rugs to designer and children's rugs.
Rugs made of Viscose
Although viscose is referred to as rayon, technically, it is not a pure synthetic fibre. It is obtained from the natural cellulose fibres of various types of wood, such as spruce, beech or eucalyptus or from banana fibres. Since this is done in a chemical process in which the pulp is processed into a viscious mass by means of caustic soda and carbon disulfide, viscose is regarded as a plastic. The name viscose is derived from the adjective "viscous", which means thick or gluey.
Properties of viscose
Viscose has a high degree of absorbency and is therefore perfect for dyeing or printing. It has similar properties to cotton, but is suitable for finer processing. Since viscose fibres have a certain shine, they are often used as a cost-effective silk substitute. This shine makes the colours of viscose rugs appear particularly bright in certain lighting.
However, viscose is not quite as hard-wearing as pure silk and viscose fibre has less elasticity and thermo-regulating properties compared to cotton. As viscose is extracted from natural products, it is becoming increasingly popular as a sustainable raw material. Also, for those who suffer from animal allergies, a viscose rug is a good alternative to a rug made of wool fibres.
Synthetic fibres are now firmly established in the textile and rug industry. Their advantages as easy-care and hard-wearing materials are particularly obvious for rugs, which are heavily used in everyday life. Even bath mats are usually made of synthetic fibres, as they must withstand the damp room climate of the bathroom.
Thanks to modern manufacturing methods, it is now possible to make high-quality and visually appealing rugs from synthetic fibres, which defy even extreme conditions and can therefore be enjoyed for longer. You will also find tips for cleaning rugs made of synthetic fibres in our care instructions and in our article Removing Stains.
Although polyester is a naturally-occurring material, the word is usually used to refer to a family of synthetic plastics which are composed of different monomers of carbonic acid esters. The nature of the monomers used determines the respective properties of the polyester. A range of materials has been produced in various manufacturing processes since the 1940s. Probably the most significant and important polyester is polyethylene terephthalate, which is known by the abbreviation PET.
Properties of polyester
PET has become the most popular synthetic fibre in the textile sector. In 2011, around 198,000 tonnes of polyester were produced in Germany alone. Well-known PET blends include organza, velvet and satin. The high demand is mainly due to the positive properties of this polymer. Since PET only stretches a little, it is very dimensionally stable and does not tend to wrinkle.
In addition, PET fibre is extremely tear-resistant and wear-resistant. It absorbs little moisture and is suitable for sportswear as well as rugs that are subject to constant use. Since polyester is very lightfast and colourfast, it is now used in a variety of rugs. The multifaceted fibre allows for numerous design options; everything from short-pile and high-pilerugs to designer rug. Due to their moisture-repellent structure, polyester rugs are highly recommended for bathrooms and outdoor areas..
Polyacrylic fibre is one of the most popular synthetic fibres and was developed almost simultaneously in the USA and Germany in 1942. Since 1954, this fibre has been produced in Leverkusen on a large industrial scale for the European market. 75% of polyacrylic fibre is used in the clothing industry. A share of about 20% is used for domestic textiles. Due to its wide range of uses, polyacrylic fibre has become an integral part of the textile and rug industry.
Properties of polyacrylic
Polyacrylic is a versatile material. It mixes well with wool
because polyacrylic fibres have a wool-like feel and high loft. This makes these fibres fluffy and warming at the same time. In addition, they are very light-resistant, durable and dimensionally stable. Also, polyacrylic fibre fabrics are very easy to care for and dry extremely quickly as they absorb less water.
This makes polyacrylic rugs particularly popular in living spaces such as kitchens, bathrooms and dining rooms. Since polyacrylic rugs are not susceptible to moths and only wear over long periods of time, this material is increasingly finding use in designer rugs as well as in high-pile rugs. Thanks to its good thermal insulation properties, wear resistance, light fastness and low susceptibility to dirt, polyacrylic is highly suitable for colourful children's rugs.
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